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Building Information Modeling/ Virtual Design & Construction
When the first patients arrive at New Karolinska Solna (NKS) at the end of November 2016, they will be offered customized care in one of the world's most sustainable university hospitals. New Karolinska Solna is Skanska's largest project ever and is being operated and financed under a public-private-partnership.
New Karolinska Solna is being developed with a focus on patients. This means that everything from architectural plans to the operation of the completed hospital will be based on patients' privacy, safety and comfort. All patients will receive a single room and be offered what is known as thematic care, meaning that a team of medical experts and specialists will work together to treat them in their rooms, rather than requiring them to be transferred between hospital departments for different therapies.
The association with Karolinska Institutet, one of the world's leading medical universities, is given high priority, bringing the two institutions even closer to one another, on either side of Solnavägen. Through increased proximity, new research from the university will be incorporated into daily work at the hospital faster, in the form of clinical trials, enhanced working methods or new medication.
The entire construction production is a green workplace, featuring environmentally compatible solutions for amenities such as transportation and waste management. The completed hospital will become one of the world’s first university hospitals to be environmentally certified. The goal is to achieve the gold level in Environmentally Classified Building standard and at least gold level in the LEED international certification system. Energy supplies will also be environmentally compatible, in the form of onsite production of geothermal heating and other renewable energy.
With a contract value of SEK 14.5 billion, New Karolinska Solna is Skanska’s largest project ever and is being conducted in partnership with the British investment fund Innisfree. The project is an example of a public-private-partnership (PPP), which aims to create added-value to projects compared with traditional procurement processes. The basis is a long-term agreement between the public sector as the customer and a private party as the contractor. For New Karolinska Solna, Skanska and Innisfree will be in charge of financing, construction, building, and the operation and maintenance of the new hospital until 2040.
1. Health care, research and education shall be integrated to such an extent that they efficiently support the development and dissemination of knowledge for the treatment of severly ill and injured patients.2. The project shall create attractive and humane environments with high architectural values, both within and around the hospital.3. The health care processes shall be made more efficient, and the utilisation of resources shall be optimised.4. The project shall work as much as possible with generally applicable solutions permitting continuous operational development.5. The hospital and its activities shall be allotted a prioritised and clear role in the city.6. The project shall work on all levels from a sustainability perspective.
Charlotta Herte+46 10 44 88 831
Mejl Charlotta Herte
Katarina MonhagenSkanska Sweden+46 10 44 87 888
Mejl Katarina Monhagen
Verksamhetsgren: Construction, Public Private Partnerships
Marknadssegment: Hospitals, Medical, healthcare and welfare
Koncept: Building Information Modeling/ Virtual Design & Construction
The Stockholm County Council is on the absolute cutting edge when it comes to high-level environmental requirements, and right from the very start the goal was to create one of the world’s most sustainable university hospitals. Skanska is building and certifying the New Karolinska Solna according to the Swedish third-party certification Miljöbyggnad and aiming for Gold.
But Skanska has decided to go even further than that. Once it is complete, NKS will also be one of the first hospitals in Europe to meet the tough environmental requirements for the international LEED Gold certification in line with Skanska’s ambition to become the world´s greenest construction company. The actual construction site is also classified according to Skanska’s own “Green Site” system, whose purpose is to create a greener work site during construction.
The Country Council’s environmental requirements for the project include eight strategic areas: energy efficiency, climate-neutral solutions, environmental impact, indoor climate, third-party certification, transport, waste management and materials management. Most projects usually focus on just a few of these areas, but NKS will be covering all of them. This means specifications for nearly everything. From transportation - where the demands include choice of fuel, coordinated goods delivery, fuel-efficient driving and the like - to the selection of materials – such that the materials used must be low-consumption during construction and during the entire lifetime of the hospital.
Materials must also be tried and tested and based on renewable or recyclable raw materials. For this reason, all materials in the buildings are approved and documented according to the Swedish environmental evaluation of building products, (Byggvarubedömningen). During construction, as much as possible is re-used, sorted and recycled. The goal is to send zero building materials to landfills by 2015.
Operation of the hospital must also live up to high environmental standards, from the detail level to overarching operations as a whole.
Energy will be supplied through a combination of district heating and cooling, a dedicated large geothermal plant and recycled energy from ventilation exhaust. The geothermal plant alone will satisfy 65 percent of the hospital’s demand for heat and cooling. As a result, the need for purchased energy will be 40 percent below the maximum in building norms for purchased energy, and the electricity used in the new hospital will come from renewable energy sources to the greatest extent possible. Another interesting detail is the use of green roofs, which insulate against cold and retain surface water, while adding green space to the site.
Environmental thinking also applies to traffic to and from the hospital. For example, bicyclists will have many good possibilities including bicycle rooms for staff. In addition, 10 percent of all parking spaces will be equipped with charging stations for electric cars.
The construction of New Karolinska Solna is Skanska’s largest project ever and this is apparent in many ways – in the work force, consumption of materials, construction trailers, contract value and so forth. We have compiled figures that detail the scope of the project.
The figures are from July 2013.
MilestonesThe schedule stipulates 16 years from concept to completed hospital. The actual construction was initiated in 2010 and the entire hospital is scheduled to be fully commissioned by 2017. We have compiled the project’s key milestones below.
2001The concept of a new university hospital was initiated in the County Council. A number of evaluations ensued in the years to come.
2005A decision was made to advance planning of a new university hospital and a design contest was announced.
2006The design competition was decided – a jury named the proposal from White architects as the winning contribution.
2007The winning contribution was developed and preparatory work commenced.
2008In April, a decision was made to construct New Karolinska Solna and in June it was decided that PPP (public-private-partnership) would be used as the financing model. Read more about PPP.
2009The tendering process began in March 2009.
2010On May 4, the County Council decided that a consortium including Skanska and the UK company Innisfree will be tasked with financing, constructing and operating the new hospital.
On September 3, Crown Princess Victoria breaks ground (in the form of a controlled blast) at a ceremony on the construction site.
2011Construction is fully under way and the foundation is established for the new hospital buildings. Sweden’s largest construction trailer site is officially opened.
2012In January, a public exhibition is opened at the Karolinska Hospital, presenting the future university hospital.
The parking garage will be the first building that is completed in the area.
2014The technical building will be completed.
2016The hospital building, hotel and research building will be finished and the first patients will arrive at New Karolinska Solna.
2017The new hospital will be completed and fully operational. Service positions will be managed by Coor Service Management.