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Building Information Modeling/ Virtual Design & Construction
Right now in Lund, Sweden, Skanska is building what will be a cross-discipline research facility based on the world’s most powerful neutron source. Here, researchers worldwide will be able to study future materials in detail. Skanska has signed a cooperation agreement with ESS, European Spallation Source, to construct the buildings and infrastructure for the research unit.
ESS is a joint European research facility to which 17 member countries are contributing competence and financing. This is referred to as a spallation facility, which means that protons are shot away almost at the speed of light through an accelerator tunnel and when they then collide with the target – a helium-cooled wheel – the neutrons are released and are led away to experimental stations in long glass tubes.
The instruments at the facility can be compared to a gigantic microscope that permits the study of materials at the molecular and atomic levels. It will be possible to use the facility in a series of sciences such as medicine, biology, chemistry, physics and technology.
In cooperation with ESS, Skanska’s assignment includes planning and building the shell and infrastructure for the research facility. The cooperation agreement was signed in February 2014. The construction project is planned for a number of stages, with the signing of a new agreement at the beginning of each stage.
When ESS is commissioned, some 500 people will work there, many of whom will be researchers. The facility will be a meeting place for researchers worldwide and is expected to attract 2,000-3,000 researchers each year. The research will contribute to many exciting results in the areas of materials research, renewable energy, biomedicine and pharmaceuticals.
Helena ParkerSkanska Sweden+46 10 448 63 37
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Marknadssegment: Research centers
ESS will not just be one of the world’s most modern research facilities; it will also be one of the most sustainable and energy-intelligent.
The objective is that the facility will use a minimum amount of energy, that all energy will derive from renewable energy sources and that a maximum amount of residual energy is recycled. Each area has concrete goals that represent the conditions for how the facility is designed and constructed.
The major challenge is energy consumption. Consequently, an energy inventory is conducted twice annually to monitor future energy consumption.
The latest results point to a total energy consumption of 265 GWh. Despite the large figures, it may be compared with the original plan for ESS, which would have required 610 GWh per year.
A key aspect of the sustainability efforts is the utilization of excess heat. Some of the heat will be used in the district-heating network, which is expected to replace other forms of heating and thus be capable of cutting carbon dioxide emissions in Lund.
To optimize heat recovery, the facility’s cooling system will operate using three temperature levels: – 30 ° C, 55 ° C and 80 ° C, where the highest temperature can be transferred directly to a district heating network. For the lower temperatures, ESS has a unique potential to set a new standard for how energy can be recycled. It is hoped that it will prove possible to utilize the energy for commercial food production.
However, the most important and most long-term environmental and sustainability effect of ESS is the future application of the research results permitted by the facility.
In February 2014, Skanska and ESS (European Spallation Source) signed a cooperation agreement to build the shell and infrastructure for the ESS research facility in Lund. The work is progressing as a cooperation project, which means that Skanska and ESS work together using an open and integrated approach.
The project has been planned and built in several stages, with the signing of an agreement at the beginning of each stage. The facility is expected to be completed in 2023.
In cooperation with ESS, Skanska’s assignment includes planning and building an approximately 500 meter long accelerator tunnel, a target station, three instrument halls and service buildings. In addition, Skanska is also responsible for roads, lines, groundwork and plantings.
ESS is a joint European research facility to which 17 member countries are contributing competence and financing. The facility may be compared with a gigantic microscope that permits the study of materials at the molecular and atomic levels. The plant will be used in a number of sciences, such as medicine, biology, chemistry, physics and technology.
To have an efficient construction process and simultaneously permit ESS to be built using the absolutely latest technology, it is necessary that Skanska and ESS work in close collaboration, with planning proceeding in stages. Skanska is participating with its expertise in planning and project work; ESS is partaking with its experience in construction organization.
The physical construction work on the 74-hectare site commenced on June 16, 2014 after ESS, on June 12, received the necessary environmental permit from the Swedish Land and Environment Court. In October 2014, the project management was able to move out after the establishment was completed.
Construction work is expected to proceed up to 2019, but already during 2017, Skanska will begin to hand over parts of the facility through early access in order to permit ESS to commence tests and instrument installation. A maximum of almost 800 people will work on the construction project simultaneously.
When ESS coms into operation in 2023, some 500 researchers will work at the facility. This will provide interfaces, helping the regions business and industry to develop.
The facility will be a meeting place for researchers worldwide and it is expected to be visited by 2,000-3,000 researchers annually. The research will contribute to many exciting research results as regards materials research, renewable energy, biomedicine and pharmaceuticals.
- Construction 2014-2024
- Initial neutrons to be produced in 2019
- Initial operation during the period 2023-2025
- Full operation in 2025