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Building Information Modeling/ Virtual Design & Construction
The Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg, Sweden, has the competence and potential to conduct the most advanced treatments and invasive surgery. This is also a center for world-leading medical research and education. However, medical development is moving at a fast pace and soon the current buildings will not be able to live up to today’s requirements.
Consequently, Skanska has been commissioned by Västfastigheter to build a new image and intervention center. This new center will house all medical operations that use various types of imaging methods for diagnostics and treatment. Among other things, this involves advanced MR cameras, ultra-sound and gamma cameras.
The commission consists both of new construction and rebuilding, covering a total of 24,500 square meters. Stage One began in January 2012. When finished in December 2013, the new building looked completed from the exterior view, with a sealed carcass. During Stage Two we are continuing on the indoor environment, all installation work, plus a connection to a nearby building.
The key concepts for the new building are flexibility and generality. It is very important that the image and intervention center manages to move with the times – simply because, now, it is very difficult to detail the equipment that will be used in the future.
Since a good deal of the advanced imaging technology is heavy and awkward, there are also high requirements in terms of vibration damping, radiation and magnetic shield. Consequently, throughout the building, the floor structures are dimensioned to cope with loads of up to ten tons per square meter.
When the center is completed at the end of 2015, patients will be offered better diagnostics and superior operations potential.
Marknadssegment: Hospitals, Laboratories, Research, Medical, healthcare and welfare
The goal is that the image and intervention center is certified in accordance with the rules of the Swedish Green Building Council, which is a Swedish certification system based on the regulations governing construction and official rules. Certification covers three areas – interior environment, energy and materials.
Throughout the entire project, we are seeking to use environmentally friendly materials and work methods. Long-lasting materials, with a low maintenance requirement, are used to the maximum extent.
The image and intervention center will also contribute to the region’s development in the form of higher accessibility to new medical technology in imaging-based diagnostics.
The image and intervention center at the Sahlgrenska hospital shall also meet a requirement in imaging diagnostics that is not currently fulfilled. Skanska was commissioned by Västfastigheter to conduct new construction and a refurbishment of he new center. The entire project is permeated by favorable planning and close contact with the customer and operations.
Since the image and intervention center is located centrally in Sahlgrenska’s existing real estate stock, there are major demands in terms of the building design and the environment between the various buildings.
The image and intervention center will consist of two wings and an interconnecting section that will house stairways and an elevator shaft. The connecting building will feature a glass roof to let in daylight. When the property is completed, it will blend in very well in its surroundings, with classic brick facades and wooden windows that are partly equipped with radiation shielding glass.
The first sod turning was performed in January 2012. Subsequently, we started Stage One, which consisted of foundation work, on-site cast concrete frames, a forged section for installation floors, façade plastering, roofing using RF-banding, as well as a connecting building with stairways and an elevator to the neighboring building.
The construction work is very complex and the worksite is crammed. Three of the property’s sides will be connected with buildings conducting sensitive operations. There are two basement floors in the property, one of which is under the existing groundwater level.
In order not to affect nearby activities in terms of noise and vibrations, we have had to work extra carefully with the foundation work.
The foundation work was conducted using steel driven piles and careful blasting. By this means, surrounding operations have been able to continue throughout the construction period.
The carcass, based on-site cast concrete, is six floors high, and designed to meet high requirements in terms of bearing capacity and vibrations. Throughout the building, floor structures are dimensioned to cope with up to ten tons per square meter.
We completed Stage One in December 2013 and then went on to Stage Two. Stage Two consists of supplementary carcass work and installations for operations, such as hybrid and operating theaters.
The installations in the center will be highly advanced in order to match current and future technology. Among other innovations, it will be prepared so that image diagnostics can be transmitted via video links.